Harvard Professor And Global Leader Kenneth Rogoff Calls For A One World Government And A One World Currency

Project Syndicate, an international not-for-profit newspaper syndicate, in its January 2011 issue, presents global thought leader, Kenneth Rogoff, a Professor of Economics and Public Policy at Harvard University, and former chief economist at the IMF.  In article Armageddon Can Wait, he says of the neoliberal Milton Friedman inspired Free To Choose floating currency regime:

“The intellectual father of the euro, Columbia University’s Robert Mundell, once famously opined that the optimal number of currencies in the world is an odd number, preferably less than three. It is hard to see why right now.

Perhaps when we have one world government, it will make sense to have one world currency.”

“But, even setting aside the equilibrating benefits of flexible currencies, the prospect of a single, omnipotent central bank is not particularly appealing. Witness the vitriol and hysteria that accompanied the US Federal Reserve’s policy of so-called “quantitative easing.” Imagine the panic that would have ensued in a world where gold, storable commodities, and art were the only ways for investors to flee from the dollar.”

“As for currency collapse, the most prominent candidate has to be the euro. In an ideal world, Europe would deal with its excessive debt burdens through a restructuring of Greek, Irish, and Portuguese liabilities, as well as municipal and bank debt in Spain. At the same time, these countries would regain export competiveness through massive wage reductions.”

“For now, however, European policymakers seem to prefer to keep escalating the size of bridge loans to the periphery, not wanting to acknowledge that private markets will ultimately require a more durable and sustainable solution. No risk factor is more dangerous for a currency than policymakers’ refusal to face fiscal realities; until European officials do, the euro remains vulnerable.”

“The dollar, on the other hand, looks like a safer bet in 2011. For one thing, its purchasing power is already scraping along at a fairly low level globally – indeed, near an all-time low, according to the Fed’s broad dollar exchange-rate index. Thus, normal re-equilibration to “purchasing power parity” should give the dollar slight upward momentum.”

“Of course, some believe that the Fed’s mass purchases of US debt poses an even bigger risk than Europe’s sovereign debt crisis. Perhaps, but most students of monetary policy view quantitative easing as the textbook policy for pulling an economy out of a zero-interest-rate “liquidity trap,” thereby preventing the onset of a sustained deflation, which would exacerbate debt burdens.”

“As for China’s renminbi, it is still supported by a highly political exchange-rate regime. Eventually, China’s rapid growth will have to be reflected in a significant rise in its currency, its domestic price level, or in both. But, in 2011, most of the equilibration will likely take place through inflation.”

“Finally, currency chaos is the safest bet of all, with sharp and unpredictable swings in floating exchange rates around the world. During the mid-2000’s, there was a brief window when some argued that currencies had become more stable as a corollary of the “Great Moderation” in macroeconomic activity. Nobody is saying that now. The floating exchange-rate system works surprisingly well, but currency volatility and unpredictability look likely to remain an enduring constant in 2011 and beyond.”

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